03_2021 The Sequel of Jane
 01_2021 Gradient Papers
 12_2020 Recasting Gandhian Legacy
 12_2020 Modular unCommons
 12_2020 Duct Armour
 12_2020 Pleated
 08_2020 Brilliant Detroit
 04_2020 In[di]visible
 04_2020 andACTION
 04_2020 those familiar
 02_2020 Transported
 12_2019 Reimagining Seagram
 12_2019 Kinesthetic Theater
 06_2019 Untitled
 04_2019 Bike Stop
 04_2018 Sketching Paris
 04_2017 Flamin’ Hot Cheetos
 04_2017 Now What?!
 12_2016 PA/Vilion


In[di]visible ︎ अविभाज्य ︎ અવિભાજ્ય

Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

To reimagine Gandhian activism1 and its locality is to look beyond the site of the Sabarmati Ashram2 and open up the larger city of Ahmedabad3 to activist agendas. With a government actively working to prohibit activist efforts, community organizing has become nearly impossible in Ahmedabad. This project will activate everyday scenes throughout the city to be paired with activist spaces, creating an underground network of secret routes and safe spaces that will accommodate community organizing.

When applied to the urban environment, these unlikely insertions of uses can unsettle existing perceptions of urban life and space. The project offers citizens new possibilities, rather than solutions, allowing the people of Ahmedabad to claim their rights to the city4 and to freely project alternative futures for urban life. When applied to the urban environment, these unlikely insertions of uses can unsettle existing perceptions of urban life and space. The project offers citizens new possibilities, rather than solutions, allowing the people of Ahmedabad to claim.

This project was selected to be showcased at the 2021 Taubman College Student Show︎

1 Satyagraha, or the policy of passive political resistance, is more than a
political tool of resistance, but a holistic approach towards life, based on the ideals of truth and moral courage. Gandhi’s system of Satyagraha was based on nonviolence, non co-operation, truth and honesty. Gandhi used non violence in India’s freedom struggle as main weapon and India became independent from British rule.

2 It was on the banks of the Sabarmati River, between the British jail and the crematorium grounds, that Gandhi settled the Sabarmati (Harijan) Ashram in 1917. The Ashram served as the strategic center for the Indian freedom struggle. Gandhi lived there until 1930, when he departed for the Salt March, never to return.This October the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the plans for remaking the Sabarmati Ashram into a 32-acre “world-class memorial.” Calling it a land grab, activists warn the redevelopment will alter the spirit of the institution and involve the demolition of 200 houses and the eviction of 2,500 residents, whose ancestors joined Gandhi’s mission and have lived there ever since. With this transformation, many fear the ideals of simplicity and austerity that once defined the Ashram will be forever lost and the site of pilgrimage will turn into yet another tourist resort.

3 Ahmedanad is the seventh largest city in India and the largest city in the state of Gujarat. Located in wetern India along the banks of the Sabarmati River, the city holds a population of around 5.5 million.  The city is currently undergoing rapid urban development, resulting in large evictions, heavy pollution, and over population.

4 A concept, defined by Henri Lefebre in his 1968 book Le Droit à la ville, that goes beyond basic human rights and access to resources. It is a “renewed access to urban life,” one that empowers city dwellers’ to shape the city as they see fit through rights to participation and active civil engagement.

site photos, Ahmedabad, India

programs + uses



The Dudheswar Water Works is one of four water treatment facilities in the city. Headed by the Amdavad Municipal Corporation, the Water Project Department monitors the supply of clean water from water treatment plants to different water distribution stations located around the city.

An iconic feature of the Amdavadi skyline, the water tower becomes an everyday scene capable of unlikely habitation. This design proposes the adaptive reuse of one existing structure on the Dudheshwar site, doubling its function to water and activism. The water tower acts as a beacon for activism hidden in plain site, where activists and locals alike can engage in community organizing. The design highlights both the circulation of people and water, intertwining the two to spark conversations surrounding water access in the city.



Bus tops in Ahmedabad are urban carcasses - poorly maintained, hardly habitable, and obstructive to sidewalk traffic. This proposal redesigns the bus stops of the city to better fit sidewalk conditions, while imagining alternate possibilities for a bus stop and its engagement with activism and access to information in the city.

Only once inside can the viewer engage in the art and information painted/posted on the vaulted covering. Hidden from the outsider, the bus stop becomes a silent activator to those on the street and riding the bus - the average citizens of Ahmedabad.



Gandhi came to Ahmedabad in 1915 and established his ashram at the Kochram on the 25th of May. At the time, this ashram was know for being the center for ideas of communal harmony, self-sufficiency, and satyagraha or truth. Eventually Gandhi outgrew the Kochrab and moved his ashram to an area along the Sabarmati River, leaving the Kochram untouched ever since. Today, the site is barely visited, and nearly impossible to enter unless farmiliar to the neighborhood.

In reimagining the Kochram Ashram, a once vibrant space for organizing and communal harmony, The vast greenscape that currently covers the site has become an elevated garded that exists as a lifted extentions of the greenscape, seamlessly integrated within the existing topography. Playing off the ideals of communal harmony envisioned at the Kochram by Gandhi, this garden acts as a nucleus for surrounding neighbors to participate in urban farming, while creating a shaded canopy for activist agendas below.



Laundry is one of the many tasks that women take on during their daily routines. After cleaning the clothes, women hang them to dry along lines that span across the facades of their homes, making interaction with eachother minimal during their laundry cycles.

Inspired by the organic nature of the city, these modular laundry units can begin to fill the voids of the urban fabric, and are programmed to be used for communal laundry drying, increasing the likelyhood of interaction among women - thus sparking conversation, organization, and potential action.



Ramapir no Tekro, located on the west bank of the Sbarmati River, is one of the largest slum areas in Ahmedabad. Within its borders are close to 15,000 households. Due to the congested conditions of Ramapir no Tekro, the children of the slum take to the outdoor spaces to spend most of their days. This intervention proposes a playscape just on the edge of the slum territory.

In the spirit of Ramapir no Tekro, know for housing one of the largest recycling centers in the city, the parts of the playscape are ones that can be found on site.While their kids are playing, the people of the slums can engage in the activist space located below the wooden track. The lifted track allows for natural lighting to enter into the activist space below, as well as the concrete cylinders, which function both as light wells and elements of play for the children above.